Author Archive:Kevin Post

ByKevin Post

With Sadness

Dear Customers:

With sadden hearts, I am writing to inform you that Beyond The POST Landscape Architectural Design Firm will be going out of business on March 31, 2017. The success of Beyond The POST over the past 3 years has been largely due to its amazing customers like you. I am very grateful you trusted me for your landscape architectural services and for your past business.

As a result of this decision, we will not be taking any more orders.

Please contact us at 226-339-1899 | kevin[@]beyondthepost.com if there is anything we can do help you through this difficult transition. We apologize for any inconveniences that this may cause.

Best Regards,

Kevin Post
Beyond The POST

ByKevin Post

Is Your footbridge designed to fail?

When designing trails within parks or green spaces, rivers and creeks become an issue. How do you cross them? A small babbling brook might be able to be jumped across or crossed by hopping between a few rocks to continue along the natural footpath. This style of water crossing is not that accessible, nor are these natural forest footpaths. Trying to walk across this type of water crossing can be hard for a person with limited mobility, an issue of our increasingly aging population. The next option is much more expensive, a bridge must be installed to cross a little creek to a larger river.

The main materials for a bridge are wood, metal, and concrete. Each of these materials has its own design consideration; cost, longevity, maintenance, accessibility, access to the build site, just to name a few.

In 2012-2013, I was tasked with reviewing bridge repairs suggested from the structural engineer’s bridge reports. I noticed that some of the oldest bridges (around 100 years old), required less work than some of the bridges 90 years younger. Were these 10 to 15-year-old bridges designed to fail? I’m not sure but I offer these few tips to help ensure the longevity of your assets.

The first thing to know about rust on bridges is a bridge is like a very big, low voltage battery or electrical circuit. My landscape architect’s very basic understanding, as taught from an electrical engineer tasked with protecting gas lines:

  • Water and salts, make an electrolyte, which allows for the current to move through.
  • Sun, wind, moving water all create electric potential within the circuit/bridge.
  • The foundations create “Ground” and can complete the circuit.
  • Lesser “noble” metals protect more “noble” metals will.
    • Protection: oxidizing or rusting gives off an ion to join with oxygen to maintain the electric potential equilibrium.
    • Weathering steel will rust faster than stainless steel,
    • Stainless steel will oxidize faster than silver.
    • If you have weathering steel fasteners on a stainless steel structure, the fasteners will oxidize, rust and fail at a much quicker rate since it is trying to protect the stainless steel – as known as- equalizing the electric potential.
  • If you think about bridge design in this fashion, small items requested during the tender process and good maintenance can help to ensure the longevity of the bridge.

One of the more common bridge types I was reviewing was made from weathering steel (Core-ten). These young weathering steel bridges (10 to 15 years old) had few structural failures and required replacement. The following Design and Maintenance tips are based on my observations and research on weathering steel (a product that was originally designed for train boxcars for use in hot and dry South-Western USA)

Foundation Connection of Weathering Steel Bridge

Foundation connection of weathering steel Bridge covered with leaves, dirt and debris and has stainless steel fasteners

Weathering Steel Bridge

Weathering Steel Bridge with wood deck with overgrown vegetation surrounding bridge – designed to fail?

Failed structure of Weathering Steel Bridge

Structural failures of support members on the underside of weathering steel bridge with wood deck. Too close to water and vegetation, plus the wood holds moisture, which will keep the weathering steel rusting (bright orange)

Design Tips:

  1. Weathering steel (core-ten) must be placed in a full sun area that will allow it to dry completely each day.
    This repetitive wetting-drying cycle forms a very uniform, thick protective layer of rust with a constant colour.
  2. Constant moisture on the bridge will prevent the steel from forming a protective layer of rust and ironically will continue to rust (darker or brighter points or streaks on the surface)
  3. Design the weathering steel bridge, with a minimum 2 meters (6′ feet) above the water.
  4. Ensure the bridge is electrically broken from the ground (foundations) and into smaller units.
  5. Electrically insulate all connection points with dielectric insulating bolt sleeves and washers (PVC, rubber, ceramic, etc).
  6. Ensure the materials to be used are compliant with your de-icing products and needs (if used)

Maintenance Tips:

  1. Keep all vegetation cleared around the bridge to ensure the wind can dry the bridge throughout the day.
  2. Ensure leaves, dirt, and debris are cleared from the bridge, especially the bridge connections.

If the above recommendations cannot be maintained, it might be a better idea to use another material, such as wood or concrete if you don’t want to replace your bridge very 10 to 15 years at over $10,000 for a small 6-meter long bridge. In future blogs, we will look at other materials and design considerations.

If you need help designing your trails, locating your water crossings and types, creating tenders for bridge replacement or help to create maintenance procedures, please give us a call or email, we would be happy to help.

If you like our posts, sign up for our blog and it will be emailed to you as soon as it is posted. Saving you time and energy.

Sincerely,
Kevin Post
Beyond The POST

ByKevin Post

Is your development site designed with snow in mind?

I’m one of those weird ones that like winter. Snowshoeing deep into the forest. Cross-country skiing under the clear blue winter sky. I even like the great workout I get, when there are a few inches of the white stuff freshly fallen from the sky.

I was taught in school that within most of Ontario, parking lots can lose up to 20% of their parking lot space to snow piles. That is about one space out of five, lost to snow! Luckily, most of our snow falls after New Year’s Day. But, early, before the Holiday Seasons, snow falls can eat up lots of parking space for those crazy last minute shoppers (like myself).

If you are designing a new site or adding a new building or expansion to an existing site, one of the best times to review your parking lot layout is during the site plan development phase. Before you submit the plans for review, examine where the snow will be pushed, piled, and stored? Here are a few discussion points to start the conversation with your design team and snow removal contractor:

  1. Where are the possible starting points for the contractor to enter the site and start pushing the snow around?
    1. Does your site have more than one entrance?
    2. Are there clear paths to push the snow to an end aisle?
    3. Will vehicles be parked overnight?
  2. Will conflicts occur between the snow windrow around the roads and/or large snow piles with the drive aisles and the pedestrian walkways?
  3. Are the walkways wide enough that the snow removal contractor can drive his/her truck and quickly remove the snow? Will they need to snow blow / hand shovel?
    1. For the small pickup sized snow plough, the walkway should be about 2.4m (8′ wide)
  4. Where is the snow going to be piled or will it be trucked off site?

As a landscape architect, with experience with snow removal, I can work with your site design consultant team to improve your parking lot and landscape design to ensure less space is lost to snow.

Hope these discussion points help to improve your site during winter. Feel free to send us any questions you may have about your site, especially if it is still in the design phase. We would love to hear your comments about our blog and any Site and Landscape Design topics you would like to hear more about.

Kevin Post
Beyond The POST
kevin@beyondthepost.com

ByKevin Post

Eat the weeds

As many of you already know, our ecosystems are under attack by invasive species of plants and animals. Plants like mustard–garlic and goutweed are slowly taking over our native plants. They are spreading and changing the landscape as well as the fragile interconnections and relationships that make up the biodiversity within these ecosystems.

But you can do your part! Many of these invasive species were brought here as a food source by our fore-parents. Without some of these plants, they might have starved by not knowing what to eat. But with today’s information technology, clear pictures and identification notes can be readily at hand to help ensure the safety and edibility of the weed in front of you. Also, recipes can easily be found for the edible plants, such as mustard-garlic pesto. The next you are having trouble controlling a weed in your garden or forest, look it up. It might just be a tasty green or herbal that the trendy health food stores might be charging over of $100 per kg, like Dandelion Root.

I have personally tasted the seeds of mustard-garlic (boiled with quinoa), salad from dandelions and wood sorrel greens, teas from dandelions roots and flowers, burdock roots stir-fried, coffee from chicory (amazing!), to name a few.

As a safety note, always make sure of the plant’s identification and preparation before consuming. For the most part, a majority of the plants out there are fairly safe to eat, but there are a few plants that are deadly in all parts of the world or at least will give a good “bio-cleanse” for a few days. The plants I listed above generally do not have poisonous look-a-likes, unlike the carrot family; poison hemlock (highly poisonous) and wild carrots / Queen Anne’s Lace (edible) look too close for my comfort.

This link has a few mustard – garlic recipes: http://www.fosc.org/GM-Recipe.htm

We look forward to hearing your comments about the plants and weeds growing in your garden that you have cooked up?

If you like our blog posts, please sign up for our newsletter and you will receive our blog in your inbox, which will save you time.

Happy eating the weeding.

Kevin
Beyond The POST

ByKevin Post

Four tips to help your landscape to look good after winter

Now that Halloween has come and gone for Southern Ontario, we will soon start seeing the white stuff falling from the sky. For some this can be a welcome sight, for others it means heavy jackets, salt covered boots, and long hours removing snow.

Halloween evening

Lots of candy for Mr Lego Man.

Here are a few quick tips to talk with your landscape and snow removal contractors to help your landscape to look its best after winter is over.

  1. Snow Removal
    • Define areas away from your planting beds to place the large amounts of snow throughout the winter. Monitor these areas to ensure your contractor is keeping the snow away from those areas.
    • Check out this blog for more tips:
  2. Salt
    • Become a Smart About Salt (SAS) certified site.
    • Check out this blog for more info about becoming an SAS certified site and additional tips to reduce salt:
  3. Wrap your evergreens
    • Wrapping your evergreens with burlap cloth to reduce salt burn.
    • Also, the wrapping holds the evergreens together and shields the plant from crushing snow and/or ice loads which can pull down and break the branches.
  4. Springtime
    • Rinse the salt away with water from planting beds next to heavy salt use areas, such as near the main walkways leading to entrances.

I hope these suggestions help to keep your landscape looking its best after the winter. Sign up for our newsletter for more tips regarding all aspects of the landscape from site plan approval process for new developments, trail design tips through to maintenance tips like this post.

I appreciate your time in reading this post and look forward to your comments, questions and the tips you have found useful.

Sincerely,

Kevin Post

Beyond The Post

www.beyondthepost.com

ByKevin Post

4 tips to reduce poisoning your landscape

Winter Stream

Winter Stream – One reason to help reduce your salt use.

Here are four tips to help reduce poisoning of your landscape soils during winter. Less poison (not the rock band but salt – Sodium Chloride) in the soil will help to ensure your landscape looking good after winter. Discuss with your snow removal contractor these 4 points will help to ensure a healthy looking landscape after winter is over.

  1. Reduce your de-icing usage as much as possible. Do you require all walkways or roadways to be used or can you close areas to reduce your maintenance during winter?
      • Some office buildings have large concrete patio areas that are not used in the winter. These areas offer good places to reduce your winter maintenance and salt usage.
      • Ensure all fire exits are correctly maintained per the fire safety codes requirements in your area.
  2. If available in your area, look for a contractor which is certified through the Smart About Salt Program.
    • Smart About Salt certified contractors know techniques to reduce their salt usage and help to reduce the amount of salt entering our groundwater, streams, rivers, and lakes.
    • Better yet become a Smart About Salt certified site. Review the smartaboutsalt.com website for details. Benefits include (source: Smartaboutsalt.com):
      • Reduce your costs for winter salt management
      • Qualify for insurance premium discounts
  3. If you do need to use a lot of salt to keep your main walkways free of ice, after the snow/ice event has finished and the salt has dried, sweep up the excess salt for future reuse.
  4. Use salt alternates that are safer for plants. De-icers such as potassium chloride or magnesium chloride can reduce soil poisoning from sodium.

Hope these suggestions help to keep your landscape looking its best after the winter. Sign up for our newsletter for more tips regarding all aspects of the landscape from site plan approval process for new developments, trail design tips through to maintenance tips like this post.

Hope you have enjoyed reading this blog post and look forward to your comments, questions and the unusual tips you have found useful.

Sincerely,

Kevin Post

Beyond The Post

www.beyondthepost.com

ByKevin Post

3 reasons to site walk with your snow removal contractor

Now that the fall colours have started to set upon Southern Ontario, we will soon start seeing the white stuff falling from the sky. For some this can be a welcome sight. For others it means heavy jackets, salt covered boots, and long hours removing snow.

Before the snow flies, it is a great time to have a site walk with your snow removal contractor to help ensure your landscape looks great after winter. During your walk, discuss the finer points of snow removal. It helps to be able to see the ground, where the planting beds are, and how the land slopes. Understanding the site, how the melting snow will go, can help to reduce the damage to your landscape.

Morning after a early spring freezing rain

Morning after an early spring freezing rain storm


Here are three reasons why you should define where the contractor piles the snow:

      1. The heavy snow being forcefully pushed or dropped into the bed can cause perennials and shrubs to be ripped out of the ground or crushed to death.
      2. The weight of the dropping snow and ice can cause soil compaction which makes it harder for plants to grow.
      3. Salt in the cleared snow can build up to toxic levels for plants.

 

Planting beds receiving large amounts of snow usually do not fair as well as sod (grass) areas, or better yet, concrete or asphalt parking areas. Define which planting beds the contractor should avoid or if there is no room, truck the snow offsite.

Feel free to give us a call, and we can walk your site with your contractor and you to create a plan for the snowy season.

I hope these suggestions help to keep your landscape looking its best after the winter. Sign up for our newsletter for more tips regarding all aspects of the landscape from site plan approval process for new developments, trail design tips through to maintenance tips like this post.

I appreciate your time in reading this post and look forward to your comments, questions and the tips you have found useful.

Sincerely,

Kevin Post
Beyond The Post
www.beyondthepost.com

ByKevin Post

Thoughts – Lost Knowledge of the Landscape

It is very interesting that over the last 3 to 4 generations, we have lost our connection to nature. Our lives used to depend on this connection to nature and the landscape. If we did not know about the surrounding plants and animals, where to find them, when the best time to eat them was, we would die of starvation or disease.

Forest trail

A early fall walk along a forest trail – If you know what to eat, forest and wild fields are full of food. If you don’t eat wild edibles, spending time in nature reduces stress and your blood pressure.

What if we could increase our knowledge of the landscape? Would we become more connected with nature, with each other?

Not only does spending more time in nature reduces stress, depression, quicker hospital recoveries, and even reduce ADD/ADHD symptoms, among many other positive healthy “side effects” it could theoretically save your life too. It always pains me to hear that a lost hiker or hunter died of starvation when they were surrounded by so many healthy and extremely nutritious plants.

Our fore-parents knew much about the plants, the trees, the topography, the path of the sun, the moon, and the stars, and the landscape. A skill that is becoming lost in our modern lifestyle. Few people are keeping these skills alive and are harvesting the weeds that grow in urban areas to eat. Most of these plants were brought here by our fore-parents whom settled these lands for their survival. Just like we go to the supermarkets today for a head of lettuce, our fore-parents brought with them plants to grow in their gardens plants like dandelions, lambs-quarter, purslane just to name a few.

As a landscape architect and outdoors person, I have a great interest in expanding my knowledge about the landscape. I am always learning more about how to use the landscape to improve all aspects of our lives such as increasing our fitness, which plants eat for nutrition and/or for health, how each plant fits into their related ecosystems and habitats, how the topography influences the environment and peoples’ movement through it. I am constantly learning and applying my knowledge to my landscape designs.

For more information about health benefits of nature see:

https://www.asla.org/healthbenefitsofnature.aspx

Sign up for our newsletter for more tips regarding all aspects of the landscape from site plan approval process for new developments, trail design tips through to maintenance tips and thought-provoking commentaries like this post.

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I appreciate your time in reading this post and look forward to your comments, questions and the tips you have found useful.

Sincerely,

Kevin Post
Beyond The Post
www.beyondthepost.com

ByKevin Post

Website Overhaul

Please bear with us as we completely overhaul our website.

We greatly appreciate your patience and apologize for any inconvenience.

Sincerely,

Beyond The POST

ByKevin Post

Desire Lines – Part 1 – Why do Mud Paths Form?

Have you ever wondered why people just walk across the lawn or parking lots even when there is a formal hard surface path near by? After a while, this short-cutting creates a muddy path in the lawn or pedestrian and vehicle conflicts? So why does this happen? Why do designed pathways sometimes fail and not operate as planned? How do you keep the pedestrian to the intended path?

In Desire Lines Part 1: we will have a quick look:

  • The issue,
  • Why it happens
  • Provide some suggestions to help make your site more pedestrian friendly during the design stage.
  • Future blogs will provide:
    • Addition tips for the design stage
    • Site alternation ideas for constructed sites

First off, pedestrians unlike cars, are very chaotic! Pedestrians prefer the shortest and easiest path of travel and will walk over obstacles upwards of 300mm (12”) high, steep hills, and through planting beds, if they believe it will be less effort (see Image 1). Vehicles, on the other hand, are much easier to control, as they prefer hard packed paved surfaces, but that is another discussion for a future blog. So back to the pedestrian.

Mud path leading into Victoria park, Kitchener

Image 1 – Desire line – a mud path has formed leading into Victoria park, Kitchener. This path is created from many people desiring access into the park at this corner.

As I mentioned above, pedestrians love the shortest and easiest path that allows of safe travel.

So what can be done?

During the planning stage, as your design team is starting to workout the layout of the parking lot, have a round table discussion with your landscape architect, traffic consultant, and architect.

    1. Define the goals for the site to be more pedestrian and alternate transportation friendly.
    2. First: Start the discussion by looking at how the pedestrians will access and move throughout
      • Always keep asking yourself, “how do I like walking through parking lots or commercial development sites?”
      • I bet it is usually from the points of access to the front door in the safest and quickest method?
    3. Highlight these routes on your plan as the preferred pedestrian corridors.
    4. Next look at how the vehicles will more through your site.
      • How do vehicle access the the site, how many, for what reason? .
      • Where do the delivery vehicles need to go? Can they access the site from all the adjacent roads?
    5. Where are the high traffic areas for pedestrians and vehicles?
      • Remember to place safe holding areas for pedestrians near areas of high traffic conflict, such as the main doors and main drive aisles.
      • These holding areas, should be both highly visible to vehicle and pedestrian traffic,
      • Raised walkways, zebra striping, rumble strips, signage, and anything to make the area feel smaller and more visually cluttered to vehicle drivers will help to reduce the speed of traffic and increase driver awareness.
      • To help slow the traffic,  you can model  a busy downtown street with lots of street shopping and cafes.  The vehicle speeds will be much closer to or lower than the posted speed  (see image 2) compared with the major highways (interstate).

        Downtown Blenheim

        Image 2 – Downtown Blenheim – note the even the road is wide, many cars are parked on the side of the road, the shop frontages are busy with signs and other details. All these elements reduce the speed of the vehicle traffic and help to reduce accidents.

I believe, if the pedestrian feels safe using your site, especially one with accessibility issues, they might drive a little farther to visit the shops at your site, which will result in higher sales. What if we start thinking and designing commercial sites to be more park and less like an efficient industrial sea of asphalt and concrete used for parking?

As a pedestrian moving through different sites, what parking lots do you dislike the most and why? Email us your comments at info@beyondthepost.com.

Sign up for our newsletter In future blogs, I will post ideas to help control and slow vehicles down, provide additional ideas control pedestrian movement to areas you prefer them to be and away from areas that you do not what them to be.

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Feel free to drop me a line, if you have any questions or comments info@beyondthepost.com.

(all images – Google street view)